What is active treatment or active drug therapy?

Doctors will sometimes refer to certain drugs as “active treatment” or “active drug therapy.” Active treatments are drugs used to treat the underlying cause of the bone marrow failure. These drugs are typically approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat a specific disease. It is important to note that active treatments do not cure the disease. The only cure for a bone marrow failure disease is a bone marrow/stem cell transplant.